Types of Brachial Plexus Injury

There are a few different types of Brachial Plexus Injury, each with various degrees of severity:


  • Avulsion: In extreme cases of Brachial Plexus Injury, the nerve can get separated from the spinal cord, the prognosis for this is poor.
  • Neurotemesis: Another serious type of Brachial Plexus Injury is where the nerve has been divided. Whilst there is a slim chance of minimal recovery, the recovery process may be long.
  • Rupture: In slightly less severe accidents the nerve can become torn or stretched but not at the spinal cord. Recovery may be a long process, but with the right treatment, recovery is possible. With this type of Brachial plexus Injury, receiving surgery in a timely manner is key.
  • Neurapraxia: In this case the nerve has become stretched and damaged but not torn. The prognosis for this is encouraging and most patients make a full recovery relatively quickly.
  • Neuroma: This is where scar tissue has grown around the injury sight; this prevents the nerve sending messages to the muscles. With the right treatment many patients recover a significant amount of function in their injured limb.

What is Brachial Plexus


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    Brachial Plexus

    Matt Smith - Consultant

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